Signing commits using GPG in Git

Git is cryptographically secure, but it’s not foolproof. If you’re taking work from others on the internet and want to verify that commits are actually from a trusted source, Git has a few ways to sign and verify work using GPG. Introduction to GPG First of all, if you want to sign anything you need to get GPG configured and your personal key installed. If you don’t have a key installed, you can generate one with gpg --gen-key. Once you have a private key to sign with, you can configure Git to use it for signing things by setting the user.signingkey config setting. Now Git will use your key by default to sign tags and commits if you want. Add…

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Random Projection

Introduction In mathematics and statistics, random projection is a technique used to reduce the dimensionality of a set of points which lie in Euclidean space. Random projection methods are powerful methods known for their simplicity and less erroneous output compared with other methods. According to experimental results, random projection preserve distances well, but empirical results are sparse. Consider a problem as follows: We have a set of n points in a high-dimensional Euclidean space \(\mathbf{R}^d\). We want to project the points onto a space of low dimension \(\mathbf{R}^k\) in such a way that pairwise distances of the points are approximately the same as before. Formally, we are looking for a map f:\(\mathbf{R}^d\rightarrow\mathbf{R}^k\) such that for any pair of original points u,v,\(\|f(u)-f(v)\|\)

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Decision Tree

What’s decision tree? A decision tree is a flowchart-like structure in which each internal node represents a "test" on an attribute (e.g. whether a coin flip comes up heads or tails), each branch represents the outcome of the test and each leaf node represents a class label (decision taken after computing all attributes). The paths from root to leaf represents classification rules. Overview A decision tree is a flowchart-like structure in which each internal node represents a "test" on an attribute (e.g. whether a coin flip comes up heads or tails), each branch represents the outcome of the test and each leaf node represents a class label (decision taken after computing all attributes). The paths from root to leaf represents…

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Introduction to Java Virtual Machine (JVM)

NOTE: We look at HotSpot in this article, other JVM might behave differently. What is JVM? The Java Virtual Machine is the cornerstone of the Java platform. It is the component of the technology responsible for its hardware- and operating system-independence, the small size of its compiled code, and its ability to protect users from malicious programs. The Java Virtual Machine is an abstract computing machine. Like a real computing machine, it has an instruction set and manipulates various memory areas at run time. The JVM doesn't understand Java typo, that's why you compile your *.java files to obtain *.class files that contain the bytecodes understandable by the JVM. JVM control execution of every Java program. It enables features such as automated…

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Use Server-Sent Event in Spring 4.2

Today, the Spring Framework released to 4.2 RC2. In Spring 4.2, better application events and Server-Sent Event(SSE) are supported. In this article, I'll introduce you the two new features. What's Server Sent Event Server-sent events (SSE) is a technology where a browser receives automatic updates from a server via HTTP connection. The Server-Sent Events EventSource API is standardized as part of HTML5 by the W3C. Server-sent events is a standard describing how servers can initiate data transmission towards clients once an initial client connection has been established. They are commonly used to send message updates or continuous data streams to a browser client and designed to enhance native, cross-browser streaming through a JavaScript API called EventSource, through which a client…

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Use WebSockets with Spring, SockJS and Stomp

This guide walks you through the process of creating a "hello world" application that sends messages back and forth, between a browser and the server. WebSocket is a very thin, lightweight layer above TCP. It makes it very suitable to use "subprotocols" to embed messages. In this guide we’ll dive in and use STOMP messaging with Spring to create an interactive web application. Maven Dependencies First we need to add the Spring messaging modules in the POM file: Spring MVC Configuration Next, we need to add the message broker config to the Spring MVC config XML file. The main thing here is the set up of the message broker for handling the message exchange between the server and its clients. This…

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